A European regulation came into force on 1 July governing the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of CO2 emissions from maritime transport. The regulation was made on 29 April this year and the quick entry into force is “to ensure that the member states and relevant stakeholders have sufficient time to take the necessary measures for the effective application of this regulation before the first reporting period starting on 1 January 2018,” the regulation’s explanatory memorandum says.
From that date, operators of ships exceeding 5,000gt will be required to monitor and report their carbon emissions on all voyages to, from and between EU ports.
MRV Regulation 2015/757, as it is known, requires a valid document of compliance, issued by an independent verifier, to be carried on board vessels that have performed activities covered by the regulation during the previous year when visiting EU ports. This can be subject to inspection.
The regulation does not specify penalties, instead requiring member states to “set up a system of penalties for failure to comply with the monitoring and reporting obligations.” These must be “effective, proportionate and dissuasive.”
Further regulations to curb greenhouse gas emissions from shipping are expected to follow in the future. The preamble to this latest regulation describes it as “a first step of a staged approach for the inclusion of maritime transport emissions in the [European] Union’s greenhouse gas reduction commitment.”
see EC directive MRV Regulation 2015/757 for further information